endobj 0000005053 00000 n of data. A caption should be brief, short, and self-explanatory, Column heading is written in the middle of a column in small letters. For example, Data tabulation of all the people of the World is classified by three or more characteristics like religion, sex, and literacy, etc.

% %PDF-1.6 % The tabulation process may be simple or complex depending upon the type of categorization. The primary objectives of tabulation are given below . If data tabulation is done manually, it can be done using the direct tally, list and tally, and count method. Additionally, a table helps to present facts in a much more concise manner than page after page of text. 0000001693 00000 n 0000001784 00000 n 0000006633 00000 n <<7968280BFCE40A4A8B9B961C839075A9>]>> Quantity and quality of data should not be compromised under any scenario while forming a table. With this method, a large number of questionnaires are listed in one sheet. Following are the categories of tabulating data by hand: Here, codes are first written down in tally sheets. The title of each horizontal row is called a stub. 1 0 obj 0000013295 00000 n Hence, it serves as an important source of reference. 0BG/`dzj/^ hV_Hheb5^D]CqO[=7sf1?YQa+=]TUQuxKv4i^CZf;Zp+n.2Ue,n*eq6{x89 As its name suggests, a source note refers to the source from where the tables information has been collected. xry2v}VoZ|[Gtdb hbZo{^:1NDGM}FEL_O]?'<70yNcGLL/twVLD[OB?+@vT;4g6jzXQt'xqxzH]O/"fY:2p(BW)0(={~$nirc.>~r2tPP~2YJwSC;78w59=yybQg;1g7 It consists of one or more column heads. If data tabulation is done on a computer, the answers must be converted in numerical form. What Are The Different Types of Tabulation? The data tabulation may be done manually or on the computer. 4 0 obj This facilitates easy comprehension and analysis of previously complex data. endobj What are the drawbacks of textual representation over tabular representation? 0000001872 00000 n A table is a systematic arrangement of statiscal information in rows and columns. Fiscal Deficit - Overview, Formula, Uses, Causes and Implications, Statutory Audit Definition, Audit Procedure, Types and FAQs, Introduction to Company Accounts - Calls in Arrears, Manufacturing Account Definition, Account Format, Preparation and FAQs, Return on Investment - Meaning, Formula, Calculation Methods, Benefits and Uses, Accounting for Non Profit Organisation - Characteristics, Accounting Treatment and Components, Difference Between Microeconomics and Macroeconomics, Gender-Wise Distribution of Students in Classes- V, VI and VII of XYZ School, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. To tabulate data correctly, one must learn about the eight essential parts of a table. x\YoF~7Og!1l\*hk"Js1R&~n3)81`C6jF|?\\ owWo?qI l/&o}wRHi;]}!gPn`X0XXzOOkoBV&_2WHwdYQqLE:^Kw Cb[}iot|'t@8WnX>E;dk;;:+f!g{Q-[3[4C/'m?{NDsD${>F|jb}lqgLSp:hm{ zuMZ7r1 Following is a tabulation of data to represent the total number of boys and girls in classes V, VI and VII in XYZ School. One of the most important parts of any table is its title. When the data in the table are tabulated to one characteristic, it is termed as a simple tabulation or one-way tabulation.

,@L @p8. Before tabulating, data should be approximated, wherever necessary. After every fourth stroke, the fifth response is given by putting a horizontal or diagonal line through the stroke. 93 0 obj<>stream

Given at the bottom of a table above the source note, a footnote is used to state any fact that is not clear from the tables title, headings, caption or stub. 0000001510 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n 0000001603 00000 n Since data is presented in a concise manner without any textual explanation, any crucial information is automatically highlighted without difficulty. Tabulation essentially bridges the gap between the collection of data and analysing them. There should be no need for further explanation (details). To Help in the Statistical Analysis of Data . xref 0000000676 00000 n Here the data is recorded in cards of various sizes and shapes with the help of a series of holes. Stubs and captions should be self-explanatory and should not require the help of footnotes to be comprehended. Statistical analysis involves computing correlation, average, dispersion, etc. Y_R trailer IN"LmUs1[T[=>E?v2>8P With tabulation, data can be carried out manually or with the help of a computer. For instance, if a table represents the profit earned by a company, a footnote can be used to state if said profit is earned before, or after tax calculations. %PDF-1.7 What are the advantages of tabulation? For example, it becomes easier to determine the month when a country has received the maximum amount of rainfall if the data is presented in a table.

0000009871 00000 n If tabulation is carried out on a computer, the answers are converted in numeric form. It also includes an arrangement of data in rows and columns. K^L.At\:GMOC=+q9.xaAM>LB? 2 0 obj Complex tabulation further has three types two-way table, three-way table, and manifold table. Otherwise, there always remains room for making a mistake in processing the data correctly. endobj This is the portion that contains the numeric information collected from investigated facts. When any information is tabulated, the volume of raw data is compressed and presented in a much more simplified manner. 4. The decision depends on the type, size, types of study, availability of computers, time period, etc. When data is presented in an orderly fashion in rows and columns, it becomes easier to compare between them on the basis of several parameters. 0000003470 00000 n 3 0 obj The rows of a table are the horizontal arrangement of data whereas the columns of a table are the vertical arrangement of data. 75 0 obj <> endobj This is the first part of a table and is given on top of any table to facilitate easy identification and for further reference. DB%1V *@1kaadmC There are a few general rules that have to be followed while constructing tables. <>/Metadata 84 0 R/ViewerPreferences 85 0 R>> stream 3 0 obj 1 0 obj Mostly, the execution of data tabulation depends on the cost, type, and size of the study, availability of computers, time at disposal, and such other factors. endobj It eases comparison by bringing related information closer to each other and helps further in statistical research and interpretation. 0000001031 00000 n endobj 0000001421 00000 n The data in the body is presented in rows which are read horizontally from left to right and in columns, read vertically from top to bottom.

0000011551 00000 n 3. 75 19 These are as follows . %%EOF startxref 4 0 obj 0000008245 00000 n xYnH?l6s67w-@ Even though it might not seem as important as the other objective of tabulation, saving space without sacrificing the quality of data can be extremely helpful in the long run. [faTkS8F7`BxWegT[u#\Q/Mtj:)#EpY!K7N'~EaD2kg4998EpIw =](`zN-()uX?qE-e39b@,HO~4Eb=2@aO$0<>Z'f6/&kwG8e |S>l8KyE)!q9y5;hg kL8,TK'4[pUH>x m_)E5G~)l}IQ=%z9e8 lovai}:LB#nr.tKJIr}}^uQ R>Yo< 7wPnF7 Representing any data in tabular form increases the scope to highlight important information. These are . 0000014816 00000 n <>stream This is perhaps the most efficient hand tabulation method. The drawbacks of textual representation over tabular representation are: It is difficult to get an idea and take accurate action. <> When the data in the table are tabulated considering two different characteristics at a time, then it is defined as a double tabulation or two-way tabulation. The number of rows and columns should be kept minimal to present information in a crisp and concise manner. 0000011651 00000 n The advantages of tabulation are as follows: Tabulation simplifies the complex method by arranging the data systematically and in a meaningful manner. It provides information about the unit of data in the table, like amount in Rupees or quantity in kilograms, etc. ]hs((YU2"%{_?/2-wa.DfF"EZ_^QLY|Ju:3Z_dmh]f6ktyndM*LimF2Ij3^kw|ToR]&7W^kj|[[v:H3'|K}OHI /Ur{ZM"[Ix^B8kSgY;lfuu7*cjdX S&CxKhV4A*(9u.Ku,mj+-8qRTI[I7>ZLSzTtJK6,;V5!y\VsRI8Jb>JlaY5O,$+rHn {*?R':'dnU*}TV6Q-yH -"E8,!3RLey='RO/L!5KgRC 0 % Next, cards belonging to each of the categories are segregated and counted, and their frequency is recorded. Tabulated data saves time, money, and space because a large amount of information can be condensed systematically in one table. <> When information is presented in an organised manner in a table, statistical analysis becomes a lot simpler. For example, Data tabulation of all the people of the World is classified by two different characteristics like religion and sex. Tabulation is the systematic and logical representation of figures in rows and columns to ease comparison and statistical analysis. 2. There are two types of tabulation methods simple tabulation and complex tabulation. If certain positions of data collected cannot be tabulated under any stub or captions, they should be put down in a separate table under the heading `` miscellaneous. %PDF-1.7 Tabulation is the process of examining preliminary information and representing it in a compact form for in-depth review. 0000001093 00000 n <> The tables illustrated should be self-explanatory, simple and attractive. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> When the data in the table are tabulated according to many characteristics, it is referred to as a complex tabulation. endobj Tabulated data helps to compare different sets of series. The responses to each question are then entered into rows, and the code corresponding to each question is represented in columns. 47--"l^*1. suitability baro akobo <> This way, a total of 40 items can be included in a single page. 5 0 obj In other words, tabulation is a method of arranging or organizing data in a tabular form. The headnote of a table is presented in the portion just below the title.

}'Ozc^>mR-AqoHoX64j;C>rm0yUQ-g iauVVxzh4Ipx=e|i;|L2*51f-:_YF!9rl_"0chm)BxVE[. Tabulation is defined as the process of placing classified data in tabular form. <> xb```f``z( @1v =RgRz#e`UJ+gXE=>AQhRP ft@_!N`0AJ48/dzXp!yCDF| C305 P , Tc 4 h However, each table formed should also be complete in itself and serve the purpose of analysis. This reduces the chances of mistakes and defeats the purpose of forming a table. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Type/Page>> 2 0 obj

If the volume of information is substantial, it is best to put them down in multiple tables instead of a single one. Then a stroke is marked against codes to denote response. For example, Data tabulation of all the people of the World is classified according to one single characteristic like religion. The title is either placed just below the table number or at its right.It is imperative for the title to be brief, crisp and carefully-worded to describe the tables contents effectively. The information in the tabulated data can be used for different research and study. Whereas in the case of tabulation by hand, one can utilize lists, tally, card sort, and count methods. The headings of the columns are referred to as the caption. endobj

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