Comprehensive legislation that is designed to protect individuals with disabilities against discrimination. Adolf Hitlers seizure of power ended this relatively liberal period. One of the founders of WhK was Magnus Hirschfeld, who in 1919 opened the Institute for Sexual Science (Institut fr Sexualwissenschaft), which anticipated by decades other scientific centres (such as the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, in the United States) that specialized in sex research. Burger was known as having a strict constructionist view of the constitution and was expected to be different from Earl Warren and possibly overturn some of his rulings. Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA or "Superfund Act", 1980), believed that in order for the Free World to fully arm itself against communism, there must be a return to traditional Christian values of right and wrong, Author, editor, and commentator who helped shape the modern conservative movement. The issues emphasized by gay rights groups have varied since the 1970s by time and place; different national organizations have promoted policies specifically tailored to their countrys milieu. Defined hot-button issues (liberal elitism, welfare policies, law and order) that became hallmarks among next generation of mainstream conservatives. Cross country protest, highlighted by a march on Washington, designed to bring attention to the years of broken treaties by the US govt, Federal government decision to end federal responsibility for Native American tribes, Site of an off-duty police raid in 1969 that spurred gay and lesbian activism, 1st openly gay elected in San Francisco; he gets assassinated; vital to movement of gay rights, LGBT rights organizations in North America since the 1970s. War between Israel and a group of Arab countries led by Egypt and Syria. 1st African American women elected to upper house (Senate). (Although the term gay is commonly used in reference to homosexual males, it is also used more generally to refer to homosexual males together with some or all other orientations within the LGBTQ community. Additionally, protesters criticized the United States government's failure to fulfill treaties with Native American people and demanded the reopening of treaty negotiations. Foreign companies still extracted the oil, but now they did so under profit-sharing agreements with the Persian Gulf states. Large cities in Europe also were fertile grounds for success for openly gay politicians; for example, Bertrand Delano in Paris and Klaus Wowereit in Berlin were both elected mayor in 2001. Despite the formation of such groups, political activity by homosexuals and bisexuals was generally not very visible. 6iD_, |uZ^ty;!Y,}{C/h> PK ! At the local and national levels, the number of openly gay politicians increased dramatically during the 1990s and 2000s, and in 2009 Jhanna Sigurardttir became prime minister of Iceland, which made her the worlds first openly gay head of government. If you need to contact the Course-Notes.Org web experience team, please use our contact form. first general federal-aid-to-education law in American history, provides $1 billion to public and parochial schools for textbooks, library materials, and special-education programs, suspends literacy tests and empowers "federal examiners" to register qualified voters in South, creates federally funded program of hospital and medical insurance for elderly (Medicare) and authorizes federal funds to the states to provide free health care for welfare recipients (Medicaid), appropriates $8 billion for low and middle income housing and for rent supplements for low-income families, ends discriminatory system of national-origins quotas established in 1924, targets $1 billion for highway construction, health centers, and resource development in the depressed areas of Appalachia, appropriates $650 million for scholarships and low-interest loans to needy college students and for funds for college libraries and research facilities, National Endowments for the Arts and the Humanities, are created to promote artistic and cultural development, Demonstration cities and Metropolitan Development Act, provides extensive subsidies for housing, recreational facilities, welfare, and mass transit to selected "model cities" and covers up to 80% of costs of slum clearance and rehabilitation, sets federal safety standards for the auto industry and a uniform grading system for tire manufacturers, broadens federal controls over the labeling and packaging of foods, drugs, cosmetics, and household supplies, JFK, increase gov't aid to elderly, combat racism, improve education, assist farmers facing business failure, halt recession, law requires equal pay for equal work, most businesses evade, provides teachers and specialists in agriculture, healthcare, transportation and communications to third world; start communities w/ American style progress "nation building"; JFK, send CIA trained Cuban exiles to Cuba, inspire uprising to overthrow Castro, invasion fails, international scandal, prevent East Germans from leaving, symbol of communism, "ich bin ein Berliner" JFK 1963, regulates auto and industrial emissions, JFK, mutual deterrence at strategic, tactical and conventional levels, not only nuclear aims (JFK against Eisenhower's position), "culture of poverty" exists for 40 million Americans, lack education, medical care, employment opportunities, Exploiting racism and states rights fears, electoral realignment of South with Republican Party, Nixon and Barry Goldwater, JFK, economic cooperation between US and latin America, JFK, Soviet missiles in Cuba, quarantined, brinkmanship, official investigation of JFK's assassination, first AA cabinet member, Housing and Urban Development, end to poverty and racial injustice, good education and environment, concern with quality over quantity (LBJ), "freedom ride" throughout Deep South, dramatize widespread violation of desegregation of public transportation, He rose to prominence first as a leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee(SNCC, pronounced "snick") and later as the "Honorary Prime Minister" of the Black Panther Party. groups formed to raise and contribute funds to support electoral candidates and that are subject to campaign finance laws. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). However, there was also greater political activity among gays, aimed in large measure at decriminalizing sodomy. Supreme Court rejected the medical school's quota system, but affirmative action was constitutional. $1 billion for a War on Poverty, establishes Office of Economic Opportunity to coordinate Head Start, VISTA, the Job Corps, etc. The National Guard was brought in to calm the situation. Implicated President Nixon in illegal behavior severe enough to bring down his presidency. First African American to attempt admission to Mississippi University; he was rejected twice because of his color. Their first activity was a petition to call for the repeal of Paragraph 175 of the Imperial Penal Code (submitted 1898, 1922, and 1925). Hawks: staunchly anti-communist, want to continue war. Other issues of primary importance for the gay rights movement since the 1970s included combating the HIV/AIDS epidemic and promoting disease prevention and funding for research; lobbying government for nondiscriminatory policies in employment, housing, and other aspects of civil society; ending the ban on military service for gay and lesbian individuals; expanding hate crimes legislation to include protections for gays, including transgender individuals; and securing marriage rights for same-sex couples (see same-sex marriage). Several hundred American Indian activists and supporters march for five months from San Francisco to Washington, D.C., to protest threats to tribal lands and water rights. Convicted of manslaughter rather than murder. Organized Union Farm Workers (UFW); Mexican-American who help migratory farm workers gain better pay & working conditions. Johnson's vice president who ran against Eugene McCarthy after Johnson stepped down. In 1983 Gerry Studds, a sitting U.S. representative from Massachusetts, became the first member of Congress to announce his homosexuality. Not sure about the geography of the middle east? When does burden of a covenant run with the land? In the United States, gay activists won support from the Democratic Party in 1980, when the party added to its platform nondiscrimination clause a plank including sexual orientation. The first openly gay government officials in the United States were Jerry DeGrieck and Nancy Wechsler in Ann Arbor, Michigan. fao.b*lIrj),l0%b In 2009 Annise Parker was elected mayor of Houston, which made the fourth largest city in the U.S. the largest up to that time to elect an openly gay politician as mayor. an American civil rights activist and Baptist minister. Advocated for Traditional roles for women. He got 19% of the vote, more than any 3rd party ever. Indeed, in his poem Two Loves (1894), Lord Alfred (Bosie) Douglas, Oscar Wildes lover, declared I [homosexuality] am the love that dare not speak its name. Homosexual and bisexual men and women were given voice in 1897 with the founding of the Scientific-Humanitarian Committee (Wissenschaftlich-humanitres Komitee; WhK) in Berlin. This secretary of state met secretly with the North Vietnamese under President Nixon's orders to negotiate a settlement. the amendment failed to acquire the necessary support from three-fourths of the state legislatures. Launched.

Gay rights demonstration at the Democratic National Convention, New York City, July 1976. Embassy in Tehran, seizing 53 hostages - after failing to negotiate the hostages' release, the US launched a failed military rescue - Pres. Led the Republican takeover of Congress in 1994 & "Contract with America". The Doctrine argued for the pursuit of peace through a partnership with American allies. In 1974 Wechsler was replaced on the council by Kathy Kozachenko, who, having run openly as a lesbian, thus became the first openly gay person to win office after coming out. Participants celebrating at GayFest in Bucharest, Romania, May 23, 2009.

Protestors of Vietnam War burn down the ROTC building and vandalized Kent State campus on May 4, 1970. Despite Paragraph 175 and the failure of the WhK to win its repeal, homosexual and bisexual men and women experienced a certain amount of freedom in Germany, particularly during the Weimar period, between the end of World War I and the Nazi seizure of power. It's website- Love Your Body: offensive Ads. The war began on the Jewish festival of Yom Kippur in 1973, and it happened during the Muslim month of Ramadan. was the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999. This support, along with campaigns by gay activists urging gay men and women to come out of the closet (indeed, in the late 1980s, National Coming Out Day was established, and it is now celebrated on October 11 in most countries), encouraged gay men and women to enter the political arena as candidates. In the 1530s, during the reign of Henry VIII, England passed the Buggery Act, which made sexual relations between men a criminal offense punishable by death. Situation turns into a stand-off, Guardsmen panic, and tell protestors they are surrounded. Period between the wars was when it prospered. The Longest Walk is the last major event of the Red Power Movement. Author/book; alerted public to dangers of use of pesticides. Harvey Milk in front of his camera shop in San Francisco, 1977. Justices nullified a law that prohibited abortion under any circumstances, even when the women's health was at risk, and laid out a new national standard: Abortions performed during the first trimester were protected by the right of privacy. Outraged by a print ad by D&G fashion suggesting gang rape. Both DeGrieck and Wechsler were elected in 1972 and came out while serving on the city council. He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988 and served as shadow senator for the District of Columbia from 1991 to 1997. former vice president Walter Mondale came in first overall in the field of Democratic hopefuls. We've got you covered with our map collection. Omissions? Political action committee founded by evangelical Reverend Jerry Falwell in 1979 to promote traditional Christian values and oppose feminism, abortion, and gay rights. Outside the United States, openly gay politicians also scored successes. In England and Great Britain, sodomy remained a capital offense punishable by hanging until 1861. Protestors realize the shoe is on the other foot, begin going after Guardsmen, who open fire. Matheson v Board of Governors of Northcote College[1975] 2 N.Z.L.R. Nixon imposed temporary price and wag controls in 1971. Religious admonitions against sexual relations between individuals of the same sex (particularly men) long stigmatized such behaviour, but most legal codes in Europe were silent on the subject of homosexuality and bisexuality. Our editors update and regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information. Beginning in the 16th century, lawmakers in England began to categorize sexual relations between males as criminal rather than simply immoral. While we strive to provide the most comprehensive notes for as many high school textbooks as possible, there are certainly going to be some that we miss. In the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York Citys Greenwich Village, was raided by the police.

Ran under a peace platform in 1968. assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan. The events and scandals surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment. He ordered the reinvigorated enforcement of Paragraph 175, and on May 6, 1933, German student athletes raided and ransacked Hirschfelds archives and burned the institutes materials in a public square. The protest followed the failure of an effort of the Oglala Sioux Civil Rights Organization (OSCRO) to impeach tribal president Richard Wilson, whom they accused of corruption and abuse of opponents. proposed by Nixon to change the way federal programs were administered; wanted to give states more deciding power in how to spend grant money versus federal bureaucrats, Domestic problems- inflation and oil shortages, Supported international human rights and Panama Canal treaties, required employers to attest to their employees' immigration status. What was "Right Liberalism" and how did it differ from "Welfare Liberalism. Upon landing, they declared the former prison Indian land "by right of discovery" and demanded the U.S. government provide funding to turn it into a Native American cultural center and university. Two decades later, in 1885, Parliament passed an amendment, sponsored by Henry Du Pr Labouchere, that created the offense of gross indecency for same-sex male sexual relations, enabling any form of sexual behaviour between men to be prosecuted (lesbian sexual relationsbecause they were unimaginable to male legislatorswere not subject to the law). Nixon and he crafted "detente," or the relaxing of tensions between the US, the USSR, and China; "shuttle diplomacy". Described herself as a housewife and called her strenuous political career a hobby. He stated that the United States henceforth expected its allies to take care of their own military defense, but that the U.S. would aid in defense as requested. Indeed, according to some historians, the number of gay bars and periodicals in Berlin in the 1920s exceeded that in New York City six decades later. Likewise, in Germany in the early 1870s, when the country was integrating the civil codes of various disparate kingdoms, the final German penal code included Paragraph 175, which criminalized same-sex male relations and made them subject to penalties including imprisonment and loss of civil rights. "Hw"w P^O;aY`GkxmPY[g Gino/"f3\TI SWY ig@X6_]7~ North American Free Trade Agreement: Includes Canada, US and Mexico that went into effect in 1994 which involves free trade in goods, services, and investment. Leader of stop ERA. Barack Obama signed legislation that repealed the U.S. militarys Dont Ask, Dont Tell policy (19932011), which had permitted gay and lesbian individuals to serve in the military if they did not disclose their sexual orientation or engage in homosexual activity; the repeal effectively ended the ban on homosexuals in the military.

In many larger German cities, gay nightlife became tolerated, and the number of gay publications increased. Cuts $10 million taxes paid primarily by corporations and wealthy individuals; trickle down economics, Bans discrimination in public accomodations, in any federally assisted program, in most employment, enlarges federal powers to protect voting rights and speed school desegregation. G [Content_Types].xml ( N0HC+J\8 r`9B%85H)3J%ca2QX)[ Ewp l:0"q'tn& q(=X!z%\)S4C;\;>5YJHYrxEp2 `{rzA> The war took place from October 6, 1973 until October 24, 1973. Won supervisor seat in 1977. Who: Republican presidential primary candidate When: 1968 Where: Governor of AL Historical Significance: Wallace and the Anti-Black, anti-student, anti-peace ticket.

-was the name given to the followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea, who were the ruling party in Cambodia from 1975 to 1979 - rganization is remembered primarily for its policy of social engineering, which resulted in genocide. Infoplease knows the value of having sources you can trust. AP Notes, Outlines, Study Guides, Vocabulary, Practice Exams and more! Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, President, 1981-1989, who led a conservative movement against detente with the soviet union and the growth of the federal government ; some people credit him with america's victory in the cold war while others fault his insensitive social agenda and irresponsible fiscal policies, Informal term for Ronald Reagans economic policies, which focused on reducing taxes, social spending, and government regulation, while increasing outlays for defense, William Rehnquist appointed chief of justice. were recorded on tapes, Nixon was ordered to turn over the tapes, but he refused to claiming executive privilege *One of Supreme Court"s most famous cases. This article will use the term in the latter sense.). any law that increases or decreases the Congressional pay wont be put to effect until the next term of office, 45th Vice President, author, businessman, and environmental activist. He also helped sponsor the World League of Sexual Reform, which was established in 1928 at a conference in Copenhagen. The Egypt-Israeli peace agreements mediated by the US and Carter in 1979. The contract detailed the actions of republicans promised to take if they became the majority party in the US house of representatives for the first time in 40 years. *AP and Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this web site. Clean Air Act, Occupational Health and Safety Act, the Water Pollution Control Act, and the Endangered Species Act. In the 1970s and 80s, gay political organizations proliferated, particularly in the United States and Europe, and spread to other parts of the globe, though their relative size, strength, and successand toleration by authoritiesvaried significantly. In 2010 Democratic Pres. 4 students killed, 9 wounded, some of whom were just walking to class. Led many to conclude war might be unwinnable and gave momentum to anti-war movement around the world which caused many students to protest. Judicial Branch of government can rule on matters of legislative apportionment, ordered state legislative districts to be as equal as possible.

A youth-dominated political movement of the 1960's embodies in such organizations as students for a Democratic Society and the Free Speech Movement. In 1977 gay rights activist Harvey Milk was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors; he was assassinated the following year. Represented LBJ's views on Vietnam. World War II and its aftermath began to change that. required cleanup of previous contaminated sites, federal finance initial clean-up then recover costs from all generators, strict joint and several liability for clean-up, Domestic policies: health care and social security reform, Economic issues: reduction of the national deficit, Impeached by the House of Representatives in 1998, but acquitted. US will provide weapons, aid, and air power but Vietnam has to provide the troops. The law required developers to file environmental impact statements assessing the effect of their projects on ecosystems. What were the major consequences of the Watergate scandal?

Liberal anti-war senator from Minnesota who rallied a lrage youth movement behind his presidental campaign in 1968. began in Nov. 4, 1979, when Iranian revolutionaries, angry over US support for the deposed Shah, took over the Am. In Britain in 1957 a commission chaired by Sir John Wolfenden issued a groundbreaking report (see Wolfenden Report) recommending that private homosexual liaisons between consenting adults be removed from the domain of criminal law; a decade later the recommendation was implemented by Parliament in the Sexual Offences Act. The US is Canada and Mexicos biggest trading partners. strike & boycott helped improve the lives of migrant farm workers in the 1960s. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. What were the causes and consequences of the environmental movement? Be sure to include which edition of the textbook you are using! Ethics battles led to his resignation as speaker in 1998. 1963 NYC Leading figure in US women's movement Wrote.

The second less successfully attempted to deal with the Palestinian issue, but basically gave control of the issue to Israel. Key provisions in NAFTA are labor and environmental agreement. N _rels/.rels ( JAa}7 give tribal governments more control over social programs, law enforcement, and education. Beginning in the mid-20th century, an increasing number of gay organizations were formed. If we see enough demand, we'll do whatever we can to get those notes up on the site for you! Before the end of the 19th century there were scarcely any movements for gay rights. When Middle Eastern states threw off the remnants of European colonialism, they demanded concessions for access to the fields. The first successfully established peace between Israel and Egypt. Name given to Mexican-Americans, who in 1970, were the majority of migrant farm labor in the U.S. is an independent Latino movement created to bring attention to the concerns of Mexican Americans, Instruction for students who speak little or no English in the native language as well as English, 1947 case which overturned school segregation of Latinos in Orange County, California, United States Supreme Court case in which the Court unanimously decided that the lack of supplemental language instruction in public school for students with limited English proficiency violated the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In Canada in 1998 Glen Murray became the mayor of Winnipeg, Manitoba, which made him the first openly gay politician to lead a large city in that country. established by lyndon johnson to investigate the increase in race-related violence in the U.S. a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court that declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. Learn about one of the world's oldest and most popular religions. How did the basic structure of the American family change during the 70s? China needs capitalist investments, Ends with Shanghai Communique which gives US trade investments with US and China (OIL), police raided popular gay bar - massive protests (uprising) catalyst for a wider liberation movement, they elected Harvey Milk as the first openly gay man to hold office, transcended stigma and ain of HIV/AIDS epidemic, Set maximum permissible amounts of water pollutants that can be discharged into waterways..aim to make surface waters swimmable and fishable, - did not rule against affirmative action, - race cannot be the sole factor for granting admission, - therefore: affirmative actions are okay, but quota systems are not, Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, US led defense of Kuwait and drove the Iraqis out.
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